Adjetivos comparativos y superlativos

Adjetivos breves

* Si el adjetivo acaba en vocal, se añade –r para el comparativo y –st para el superlativo.

large - larger - the largest

* Si el adjetivo acaba en consonante. Se añade –er para el comparativo y –est para el superlativo.

small - smaller - the smallest

* Si el adjetivo acaba en vocal + consonante, se duplica la consonante y se añada –er para el comparativo y –est para el superlativo.

hot - hotter - the hottest

Adjetivos largos ( dos o más sílabas)

* Cuando el adjetivo tiene dos o más sílabes, va precedido de `more´ en el comparativo y `the most´ en el superlativo.

beautiful - more beautiful - the most beautiful

* Si el adjetivo tiene dos sílabas y acaba en –y, la –y se transforma en –i antes de añadir –er para el comparative y –est para el superlativo.

easy - easier - the easiest

Adjetivos irregulares

Todos son diferentes y hay que aprendérselos de memoría:

good - better - best

little - less - least

bad - worse - worst

few - less - least

many - more - most

much - more - most

Uso:

Los adjetivos en grado comparativo se utilizan para comparar dos personas o cosas entre sí.

Mary is tall, but Helen is taller.

Helen is intelligent, but Beth is more intelligent.

Recuerda:

* En las comparaciones suele aparecer la partícula `than´.

Helen is taller than Mary.

Beth is more intelligent than Helen.

* Los adjetivos en grado superlativo se utilizan para comparer tres o más personas o cosas entre sí.

I think science is the most difficult subject.

Which is the cheapest camera?

* La preposición `in´ sigue con frecuencia al superlativo.

The Nile is the longest river in the world.

No se dice: The Nile is the longest river of the world.

Susan bought the most expensive camera in the shop.

No se dice Susan bought the most expensive camera of the shop.

Ejercicios

A. Escribe la forma comparativa de estos adjetivos

tall taller

1. fast ____________

2. heavy ____________

3. dangerous ____________

4. small ____________

5. large ____________

6. light ____________

7. rare ____________

8. common ____________

9. bad ____________

10. good ____________

Las respuestas correctas

1. fast faster

2. heavy heavier

3. dangerous more dangerous

4. small smaller

5. large larger

6. light lighter

7. rare rarer

8. common more common

9. bad worse

10. good better

B. Corrige estas frases

1. Cats are popularer than snakes as pets. X

__________________________________

2. Pigs are more intelligent as other animals. X

__________________________________

3. Turtles are slow than crocodiles. X

__________________________________

4. Elephants are heavyer than pigs. X

__________________________________

5. Bears are more rare than snakes. X

__________________________________

Las respuestas correctas

Answers

1. Cats are more popular than snakes as pets.

2. Pigs are more intelligent than other animals.

3. Turtles are slower than crocodiles.

4. Elephants are heavier than pigs.

5. Bears are rarer than snakes.

Adjetivos comparativos

1. I am ___________ (tall) my sister.

2. My mum thinks that cats are ___________ (good) pets than dogs.

3. Cycling is one of ___________ (dangerous) sports.

4. I want to have ___________ (big) car.

5. A blue whale is ___________ (heavy) twenty-five elephants.

6. You look ___________ (thin) last month. Have you lost weight?

7. Bicycles are ___________ (slow) cars.

8. She is ___________ (nice) person I know.

9. What is ___________ (good) film you´ve seen?

10. Computers are ___________ (cheap) mobile phones.

11. Is your brother ___________ (tall) you?

12. I think Spanish is ___________ (easy) Japanese.

13. Our dog is ___________ (nice) your dog.

14. Glass bottles are ___________ (good) plastic bottles.

15. I think Rafael Nadal is ___________(good) tennis player in Spain.

16. Sharks are ___________ (dangerous) other fish.

17. This situation is ___________ (serious) the last one.

18. He is ___________ (smart) his brother.

19. My brother wanted ___________ (expensive) trainers in the shop.

20. Today is ___________ (good) day of the year.

21. Daniela is ___________ (funny) me.

22. My house is ___________ (larger).

23. Mount Everest is ___________ (high) mountain in the world.

24. The sea is ___________ (large) a lake.

25. My job is ___________ (easy) yours.

26. London is ___________ (big) city in England.

27. This car is ___________ (comfortable) yours.

28. He is ___________ (rich) man in town.

29. I am ___________ (strong) you.

30. A baby blue whale gets ___________ (big) a great white shark.

Las respuestas correctas

1. I am taller than my sister.

2. My mum thinks that cats are better pets than dogs.

3. Cycling is one of the most dangerous sports.

4. I want to have the biggest car.

5. A blue whale is heavier than twenty-five elephants.

6. You look thinner than last month. Have you lost weight?

7. Bicycles are slower than cars.

8. She is the nicest person I know.

9. What is the best film you´ve seen?

10. Computers are cheaper than mobile phones.

11. Is your brother taller than you?

12. I think Spanish is easier than Japanese.

13. Our dog is nicer than your dog.

14. Glass bottles are better than plastic bottles.

15. I think Rafael Nadal is the best tennis player in Spain.

16. Sharks are more dangerous than other fish.

17. This situation is more serious than the last one.

18. He is smarter than his brother.

19. My brother wanted the most expensive trainers in the shop.

20. Today is the best day of the year.

21. Daniela is funnier than me.

22. My house is the largest.

23. Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world.

24. The sea is larger than a lake.

25. My job is easier than yours.

26. London is the biggest city in England.

27. This car is more comfortable than yours.

28. He is the richest man in town.

29. I am stronger than you.

30. A baby blue whale gets bigger than a great white shark.

Adjetivos comparativos

Comparative adjectives

1. A Mercedes is ________ (expensive) a Fiat.

2. Maradona is ________ (good) football player ever.

3. A swordfish is ________ (fast) a jellyfish.

4. Julio is ________ (friendly) Carlos.

5. Irene is ________ (clever) Silvia.

6. Comedies are ________ (funny) police dramas.

7. Pablo is ________ (big) Juanma.

8. Max is ________ (old) John.

9. Adriano is ________ (fast) Ronaldo.

10. My hair is ________ (long) yours.

11. A dolphin is ________ (intelligent) a shark.

12. Elaine is ________ (wise) her sister.

13. Tony is ________ (happy) Max.

14. Sandra is ________ (busy) Sam.

15. Skiing is ________ (dangerous) football.

16. This is ________ (narrow) of all roads in Málaga.

17. Health is ________ (important) money.

18. Those cakes are ________ (bad) I´ve ever tasted.

19. My dog is ________ (good) dog in the world.

20. Patricia´s house is ________ (small) Linda´s.

21. A car is ________ (fast) a bike.

22. My laptop is ________ (fast) yours.

23. The ant is ________ (small) insect.

24. This lamp is ________ (bright) one in the room.

25. My house is ________ (clean) her house.

26. Jack is ________ (tall) boy in his class.

27. Steven Spielberg is ________ (good) film director in the world.

28. This dress is ________ (old) that one.

29. A sea lion is ________ (heavy) a lobster.

30. A sports car is ________ (fast) a motorbike.

Las respuestas correctas

1. A Mercedes is more expensive than a Fiat.

2. Maradona is the best football player ever.

3. A swordfish is faster than a jellyfish.

4. Julio is friendlier than Carlos.

5. Irene is cleverer then Silvia.

6. Comedies are funnier than police dramas.

7. Pablo is bigger than Juanma.

8. Max is older than John.

9. Adriano is faster than Ronaldo.

10. My hair is longer than yours.

11. A dolphin is more intelligent than a shark.

12. Elaine is wiser than her sister.

13. Tony is happier than Max.

14. Sandra is busier than Sam.

15. Skiing is more dangerous than football.

16. This is the narrowest of all roads in Málaga.

17. Health is more important than money.

18. Those cakes are the worst I´ve ever tasted.

19. My dog is the best dog in the world.

20. Patricia´s house is smaller than Linda´s.

21. A car is faster than a bike.

22. My laptop is faster than yours.

23. The ant is the smallest insect.

24. This lamp is the brightest one in the room.

25. My house is cleaner than her house.

26. Jack is the tallest boy in his class.

27. Steven Spielberg is the best film director in the world.

28. This dress is older than that one.

29. A sea lion is heavier than a lobster.

30. A sports car is faster than a motorbike.

Adjetivos comparativos y superlativos

1. clean

2. easy

3. good

4. dirty

5. fat

6. beautiful

7. sad

8. flat

9. active

10. comfortable

11. hot

12. happy

13. wet

14. narrow

15. big

16. busy

17. noisy

18. dirty

19. thin

20. little

21. bad

22. few

23. much

24. many

25. rich

Las respuestas correctas

1. clean - cleaner - cleanest

2. easy - easier - easiest

3. good - better - best

4. dirty - dirtier - dirtiest

5. fat - fatter - fattest

6. beautiful - more beautiful - most beautiful

7. sad - sadder - saddest

8. flat - flatter - flattest

9. active - more active - most active

10. comfortable - more comfortable - most comfortable

11. hot - hotter - hottest

12. happy - happier - happiest

13. wet - wetter - wettest

14. narrow - narrower - narrowest

15. big - bigger - biggest

16. busy - busier - busiest

17. noisy - noisier - noisiest

18. cheap - cheaper - cheapest

19. thin - thinner - thinnest

20. little - less - least

21. bad - worse - worst

22. few - fewer - fewest

23. much - more - most

24. many - more - most

25. rich - richer - richest

Fichas adjetivos comparativos
Las respuestas correctas