Condicionales

First conditional

If + present simple + will + infinitive

If you see the film, you´ll understand.

El condicional de primer grado se utiliza para hablar de

* posibles o probables situaciones futuras.

If it´s cold tomorrow, I won´t walk to college.

If she doesn´t go to the party, she won´t see David.

* promesas y advertencies.

If you forget her birthday, she´ll be upset.

If we eat now, we won´t be hungry when we get to the restaurant.

Second conditional

If + past simple + would + infinitive

If you saw the film, you´d understand.

El condicional de sgundo grado se utiliza para

* hablar de situaciones irreales o improbable en el presente o en el futuro.

If I had money, I´d buy it for you. (It is unlikely that you will have more money.)

If you had a car, you could learn to drive. (You don´t have a car, so you won´t learn to drive.)

* dar consejo.

If I were you, I´d put some suntan lotion on.

If he lived in Germany, he´d learn German.

Third conditional

If + past perfect + would have + past participle

If you had seen the film, you would have understood

El condicional de tercer grado se utiliza para hablar de cosas que no tuvieron lugar en el pasado.

If I had known you were coming, I would have made some dinner. (I didn´t know you were coming so I didn´t make any dinner.)



+ ¡ Puntos extra ! +

* La proposición que lleva if puede colocarse delante o detrás de la proposición principal.

El significado es el mismo en ambos casos.

Si se coloca delante, se utiliza coma.

If I´d remembered your birthday, I would have sent you a card.

I would have sent you a card if I´d remembered your birthday.

Ejercicios

A. Write first conditional sentences.

1) If she / forget / my birthday, I / be / really angry.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………

2) I / make / a face if you / try / to take a photo of me.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………

3) If I / phone / my parents now, they / not get worried.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………

4) I / show / you the photo if you / not laugh.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………

5) If you / not introduce / me to her, I / introduce / myself.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………

6) My parents / not give / me any money if I / not help / with the housework. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………

7) If they / ban / that record, lots of people / buy / it.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

A. Las respuestas correctas.

1) If she / forget / my birthday, I / be / really angry.

If she forgets my birthday, I´ll be very angry.

2) I / make / a face if you / try / to take a photo of me.

I´ll make a face if you try to take a photo of me.

3) If I / phone / my parents now, they / not get worried.

If I phone my parents now, they won´t get worried.

4) I / show / you the photo if you / not laugh.

I will show you the photo if you don´t laugh.

5) If you / not introduce / me to her, I / introduce / myself.

If you don´t intoduce her to me, I will introduce myself.

6) My parents / not give / me any money if I / not help / with the housework.

My parents won´t give me any money if I don´t help with the housework.

7) If they / ban / that record, lots of people / buy / it.

If they ban that record, lots of people will buy it.

B. Choose the correct words to form the second conditional.

1) He (wasn´t / wouldn´t) be a loner if he (wouldn´t be /

wasn´t) such a bighead.

2) I (listened / ´d listen) to more rap music if I (´d understand / understood) the lyrics.

3) If we (love / loved) each other, we (don´t / wouldn´t) have so many arguments

4) I (´ll /´d) get very jealous if my boyfriend (was / would be) a flirt.

5) He (isn´t / wouldn´t be) such a flirt if he (wasn´t / wouldn´t be) so good-looking.

6) If they (wouldn´t be / weren´t) such jokers we (´d believe / believe) them.

7) I´d (bought / buy) this jacket, if it (would be / was) waterproof.

8) If he (wasn´t / wouldn´t be) such a geek, I´d (hung / hang) out with him.

B. Las respuestas correctas.

1) He wouldn´t be a loner if he wasn´t such a bighead.

2) I´d listen to more rap music if I understood the lyrics.

3) If we loved each other, we wouldn´t have so many arguments.

4) I´d get very jealous if my boyfriend was a flirt.

5) He wouldn´t be such a flirt if he wasn´t so good-looking.

6) If they weren´t such jokers we´d believe them.

7) I´d bought this jacket, if it was waterproof.

8) If he wasn´t such a geek, I´d hung out with him.

C. Complete the sentences using the first or the second conditional.

1) Who ………………… (you be) if you ………………… (can) be a famous person?

2) If I ………………… (see) some yoghurt at the supermarket, I ………………… (buy) some.

3) If I ………………… (live) in Alaska, I ………………… (get) very depressed in winter.

4) What ………………… (you, buy) if you ………………… (have) €100.000?

5) If I ………………… (be) you, I ………………… (concentrate) on passing my exams.

6) If you ………………… (see) your dad, ………………… (you, tell) him to call me?

C. Las respuestas correctas.

1) Who would you be if you could be a famous person?

2) If I see some yoghurt at the supermarket, I´ll buy some.

3) If I lived in Alaska, I´d get very depressed in winter.

4) What would you buy if you had €100.000?

5) If I was you, I´d concentrate on passing my exams.

6) If you see your dad, will you tell him to call me?

D. Rewrite each sentence using the third conditional.

1) He didn´t pass the exam because he didn´t study.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………

2) I didn´t say hello because I didn´t see you.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………

3) I didn´t buy the dress because I didn´t have any money.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………

4) As you didn´t explain it very good, I didn´t understand.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………

5) I didn´t have her number so I didn´t phone her.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………

D. Las respuestas correctas.

1) He didn´t pass the exam because he didn´t study.

If he had studied, he would have passed the exam.

2) I didn´t say hello because I didn´t see you.

If I had seen you, I would have said hello.

3) I didn´t buy the dress because I didn´t have any money.

If I had any money, I would have bought the dress.

4) As you didn´t explain it very good, I didn´t understand.

I would have understood, if you had explained it very good.

5) I didn´t have her number so I didn´t phone her.

If I had her number, I would have phoned her.

E. Complete the sentences using the prompts.

1) If Aiden has enough time, he / train / once a week.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………

2) He would take part in the marathon if / he / be / fit / enough.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………

3) He would train even more if / his trainer / recommend / it.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………

4) He will eat less junk food if I / encourage / him.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………

5) If I felt fit, I / participate / in the marathon with him.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………

E. Las respuestas correctas.

1) If Aiden has enough time, he / train / once a week.

If Aiden has enough time, he´ll train once a week.

2) He would take part in the marathon if / he / be / fit / enough.

He would take part in the marathon if he was fit enough.

3) He would train even more if / his trainer / recommend / it.

He would train even more if his trainer recommended it

4) He will eat less junk food if I / encourage / him.

He will eat less junk food if I encourage him.

5) If I felt fit, I / participate / in the marathon with him.

If I felt fit, I would participate in the marathon with him.

F. Complete the first conditional sentences about a beauty clinic. Use these verbs: change, get, make, not know, not like, recommend.

1) If you ………………….. what to do, we´ll offer you free advice.

2) If you´re worried about your appearance, we ………………….. you feel better.

3) If your hair´s the wrong style and colour, we ………………….. it to suit you.

4) If you ………………….. your curly hair, we´ll make it straight.

5) If you call 617007664 now, you ………………….. a free consultation.

6) If you ………………….. a friend, we´ll give you a discount.

F. Las respuestas correctas.

1) If you don´t know what to do, we´ll offer you free advice.

2) If you´re worried about your appearance, we´ll make you feel better.

3) If your hair´s the wrong style and colour, we´ll change it to suit you.

4) If you don´t like your curly hair, we´ll make it straight.

5) If you call 617007664 now, you´ll get a free consultation.

6) If you recommend a friend, we´ll give you a discount.

G. Choose the correct endings for the sentence.

1) If I didn´t spend time with my friends

a. I´ll be stressed

b. I´d be stressed

2) We will go bowling this weekend if we

a. don´t go to the cinema

b. won´t go to the cinema

3) If Jane´s parents don´t take us,

a. we´d go by bus.

b. we´ll go by bus-

4) I would buy popcorn if I

a. have enough money

b. had enough money

5) We will have a burger and chips after the film if we

a. are hungry

b. would be hungry

6) I would order a hotdog if

a. I am not a vegetarian

b. I weren´t a vegetarian

7) If the film is good

a. we´d recommend it to our friends

b. we´ll recommend it to our friends

8) If it were cheaper to go to the cinema,

a. I´d go more often

b. I´ll go more often

G. Las respuestas correctas.

1) If I didn´t spend time with my friends

b. I´d be stressed

2) We will go bowling this weekend if we

a. don´t go to the cinema

3) If Jane´s parents don´t take us,

b. we´ll go by bus-

4) I would buy popcorn if I

b. had enough money

5) We will have a burger and chips after the film if we

a. are hungry

6) I would order a hotdog if

b. I weren´t a vegetarian

7) If the film is good

b. we´ll recommend it to our friends

8) If it were cheaper to go to the cinema,

a. I´d go more often

H. Third conditional. Choose the correct options to complete the sentences.

1) If I had known it was fun, I (would start / would have started) travelling sooner.

2) If I (hadn´t / had) visited so many countries, I wouldn´t have seen so many monuments.

3) I (wouldn´t have become / haven´t become) interested in architecture if I hadn´t seen these monuments.

4) If I (had / hadn´t) wanted to learn more about the construction of these monuments, I wouldn´t have decided to study Architecture.

5) If I hadn´t studied Architecture, I (would / wouldn´t) have designed my house.

6) My house would have been different if someone else (had designed / designed) it.

7) It (wouldn´t have been / haven´t been) oriental if I hadn´t spent time in China.

8) Unfortunately the design didn´t win the architecture competition last year. If the design had won a prize, I (would have received / would received) more work.

H. Las respuestas correctas.

1) If I had known it was fun, I would have started travelling sooner.

2) If I hadn´t visited so many countries, I wouldn´t have seen so many monuments.

3) I wouldn´t have become interested in architecture if I hadn´t seen these monuments.

4) If I hadn´t wanted to learn more about the construction of these monuments, I wouldn´t have decided to study Architecture.

5) If I hadn´t studied Architecture, I wouldn´t have designed my house.

6) My house would have been different if someone else had designed it.

7) It wouldn´t have been oriental if I hadn´t spent time in China.

8) Unfortunately the design didn´t win the architecture competition last year. If the design had won a prize, I would have received more work.

I. Choose the correct ending for each sentence.

1) We´ll have to get a taxi.

a. if you can´t pick us up.

b. if you couldn´t pick us up.

2) If he wasn´t so mean.

a. he´d lend you some money.

b. he´ll lend you some money

3) I wouldn´t need to get a job

a. if I win this competition

b. if I won this competition

4) If your sister doesn´t get into university,

a. would she apply again next year?

b. will she apply again next year?

5)What would you say

a. if he asked you out?

b. if he asks you out?

6) I´ll pay for a tax

a. if it rained

b. if it rains

I. Las respuestas correctas.

1) We´ll have to get a taxi.

a. if you can´t pick us up.

2) If he wasn´t so mean.

a. he´d lend you some money.

3) I wouldn´t need to get a job

b. if I won this competition

4) If your sister doesn´t get into university,

b. will she apply again next year?

5)What would you say

a. if he asked you out?

6) I´ll pay for a tax

b. if it rains

J. Complete the sentences with the correct form of the pairs of verbs. Use the third conditional.

1) If someone ……………………… my passport, I ……………………… home. (not find, not get)

2) If she ……………………… her normal numbers for her lottery ticket, she ……………………… some money (choose, won)

3) If Aiden ……………………… me nicely, I ……………………… him the money (ask, lend)

4) If we ……………………… the CDs on the internet, ……………………… cheaper? (buy, be)

5) If you ……………………… that drink, you ……………………… enough money for the bus. (not buy, have)

J. Las respuestas correctas.

1) If someone hadn´t found my passport, I wouldn´t get home.

2) If she´d chosen her normal numbers for her lottery ticket, she would have won some money.

3) If Aiden had asked me nicely, I would have lent him the money.

4) If we had bought the CDs on the internet, would they have been cheaper?

5) If you hadn´t bought that drink, you would have had enough money for the bus.