Expresiones de tiempo

Las expresiones de tiempo unen acciones del pasado, especificando cuál sucedió primero, y cuáles a la vez.

1) “as”, “while” and “when”

“As”, “while” y “when” indican que dos acciones pasadas sucedieron a la vez. A menudo se utiliza el past continuous detrás de as y while, y el past simple de trás de when.

As / While / When I was walking home, I met George.

Cuando / Mientras iba hacia mi casa, me encontré con George.

¡Atención! “As” y “while” sólo se usan cuando una acción larga es interrumpida por otra de menor duración. “When” se puede emplear cuando una acción larga es interrumpida, o cuando dos acciones de poca duración suceden simultáneamente.

She broke her arm when she fell off her bike.

Se rompió el brazo cuando se cayó de la bici.

2) “after”

After destaca el hecho de que una acción sucedió después de otra. A menudo se utiliza el past perfect simple con after.

After we had finished our meal, we went out to the cinema.

Después de la comida, nos fuimos al cine.

3) “as soon as”

As soon as se utiliza para indicar que una acción sucedió inmediatamente después de otra. Generalmente se utiliza el past simple o el past perfect simple con “as soon as”.

As soon as I (had) finished work, I went home.

En cuanto salí del trabajo, me fui a casa.

Ejercicios

A. Time expressions: put the words in correct order.

1) France / been / they / never / to / have

…………………………………………………………………………………………………….

2) has / my / moved / to / sister / France / just

…………………………………………………………………………………………………….

3) written / haven´t / to / holidays / us / since / they / the

…………………………………………………………………………………………………….

4) have / lately / you / ? / phoned / Oprah

…………………………………………………………………………………………………….

5) this / already / film / have / seen / we

…………………………………………………………………………………………………….

6) Carmen / hasn´t / three / for / she / seen / years

…………………………………………………………………………………………………….

A. Las respuestas correctas.

1) France / been / they / never / to / have

They have never been to France.

2) has / my / moved / to / sister / France / just

My sister has just moved to France.

3) written / haven´t / to / holidays / us / since / they / the

Since the holidays, they haven´t written to us.

4) have / lately / you / ? / phoned / Oprah

Have you phoned Oprah lately?

5) this / already / film / have / seen / we

We have already seen this film.

6) Carmen / hasn´t / three / for / she / seen / years

She hasn´t seen Carmen for three years.

B. Choose the correct alternatives

1) Before / After I left the party, I went home.

2) While / As soon as I saw him I recognized him.

3) As / Before we were arriving, it started to rain.

4) Before / When she saw us she waved.

5) Before / After I knew I had passed the exam I was very nervous.

B. Las respuestas correctas.

1) After I left the party, I went home.

2) As soon as I saw him I recognized him.

3) As we were arriving, it started to rain.

4) When she saw us she waved.

5) Before I knew I had passed the exam I was very nervous.

C. Choose the correct options to complete the sentences.

1) Peter has ………………… decided he is going to South Africa.

a) just

b) still

c) yet

2) He hasn´t gone to the travel agent´s …………………

a) just

b) still

c) yet

3) He has ………………. bought a guide book.

a) already

b) still

c) yet

4) He …………………… hasn´t bought any sunscreen. He keeps forgetting.

a) already

b) just

c) still

5) He has …….. asked his boss for some holidays.

a) yet

b) just

c) still

6) He hasn´t told his friends about his plans ……………

a) already

b) still

c) yet

7) He has ……………….. made a list of things to do, he made it two minutes ago.

a) already

b) just

c) still

8) He has …………… started reading his guidebook.

a) already

b) still

c) yet

C. Las respuestas correctas.

1) Peter has just decided he is going to South Africa.

2) He hasn´t gone to the travel agent´s yet.

3) He has already bought a guide book.

4) He still hasn´t bought any sunscreen. He keeps forgetting.

5) He has just asked his boss for some holidays.

6) He hasn´t told his friends about his plans yet.

7) He has just made a list of things to do, he made it two minutes ago. 8) He has already started reading his guidebook.

D. Rewrite the sentences with already, just, still and yet in the correct position.

1) We have moved here. (just)

…………………………………………………………………………………………………

2) Have you finished unpacking? (yet)

…………………………………………………………………………………………………

3) We haven´t unpacked everything. (still)

…………………………………………………………………………………………………

4) I have unpacked all of the things for the kitchen. (already)

…………………………………………………………………………………………………

5) I haven´t started unpacking my suitcases. (yet)

…………………………………………………………………………………………………

6) I have found the box with the T-shirts. (just)

…………………………………………………………………………………………………

7) The removal truck hasn´t arrived. (still)

…………………………………………………………………………………………………

8) We haven´t got any furniture. (yet)

…………………………………………………………………………………………………

D. Las respuestas correctas.

1) We have moved here. (just)

We have just moved here.

2) Have you finished unpacking? (yet)

Have you finished unpacking yet?

3) We haven´t unpacked everything. (still)

We still haven´t unpacked everything.

4) I have unpacked all of the things for the kitchen. (already)

I have already unpacked all of the things for the kitchen.

5) I haven´t started unpacking my suitcases. (yet)

I haven´t started unpacking my suitcases yet.

6) I have found the box with the T-shirts. (just)

I have just found the box with the T-shirts.

7) The removal truck hasn´t arrived. (still)

The removal truck still hasn´t arrived.

8) We haven´t got any furniture. (yet)

We haven´t got any furniture yet.

E. Complete the sentences using “for” or “since”

1) We have been living in Malta ………….. five years.

2) We have been thinking about moving back to Spain …………… five months.

3) We have been applying for jobs there ………… May.

4) We have been saving our money ……. three years.

5) We have been going to Spain on holiday …………….. 2005.

6) How often have you been abroad ………….. last year?

E. Las respuestas correctas.

1) We have been living in Malta for five years.

2) We have been thinking about moving back to Spain for five months.

3) We have been applying for jobs there since May.

4) We have been saving our money for three years.

5) We have been going to Spain on holiday since 2005.

6) How often have you been abroad since last year?

F. Rewrite the sentences using the present perfect continuous and “for” or “since”.

1) She lives in France. She moved there a year ago.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………

2) I´m learning French. I started learning it three months ago.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………

3) He lives with three other students. He started living with them in February.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………

4) It´s raining again. It started raining two hours ago.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………

5) Jane is planning a tour of the city. She started at five o´clock and now it´s nearly seven.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………

6) They´re on the plane. Their flight took off at three o´clock.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………

F. Las respuestas correctas.

1) She lives in France. She moved there a year ago.

She has been living in France for a year.

2) I´m learning French. I started learning it three months ago.

I´ve been learning French for three months.

3) He lives with three other students. He started living with

them in February.

He has been living with three other students since February.

4) It´s raining again. It started raining two hours ago.

It has been raining for two hours.

5) Jane is planning a tour of the city. She started at five o´clock and now it´s nearly seven.

Jane has been touring the city for two hours.

6) They´re on the plane. Their flight took off at three o´clock.

They´re on the plane since three o´clock.

G. Complete the text with one of these words: (during, until, after, before, already)

Yesterday morning, I was tired (1) ………………. I got to school. I had such boring lessons all morning that I couldn´t wait (2) ………………. lunchtime. Then I fell asleep (3) ………………. my French lesson. Mrs. Labelle had woken me up, she sent me to the head teacher. I had (5) ………………. Fallen asleep in her class four times!

G. Las respuestas correctas.

Yesterday morning, I was tired (1) before I got to school. I had such boring lessons all morning that I couldn´t wait (2) until lunchtime. Then I fell asleep (3) during my French lesson. Mrs. Labelle had woken me up, she sent me to the head teacher. I had (5) already Fallen asleep in her class four times!

H. Choose the correct time expression.

1) They played football (during / after) the lesson had finished.

2) I´ve (already / during) made her birthday cake.

3) (Before / Already) I came here, I didn´t speak Spanish.

4) We are on holiday (after / until) the end of July.

5) We were in Germany (during / already) the world cup.

6) We lived in London (until / already) 2008.

H. Las respuestas correctas.

1) They played football after the lesson had finished.

2) I´ve already made her birthday cake.

3) Before I came here, I didn´t speak Spanish.

4) We are on holiday until the end of July.

5) We were in Germany during the world cup.

6) We lived in London until 2008.

I. Complete the text with these time expressions: after, as, as soon as, before, when, while

The other day, I witnessed a robbery. I was walking home ………….. (1) school on Friday afternoon ………………….. (2) I saw an old man robbing a small child. ……………… (3) I could do anything, he started running down the road. ………………. (4) I realized that he had stolen her purse, I phoned the police. ………………… (5) the elderly man was running, he fell down several times. Just ……………. (6) the man thought he had escaped, the police car arrived.

I. Las respuestas correctas.

The other day, I witnessed a robbery. I was walking home after (1) school on Friday afternoon when (2) I saw an old man robbing a small child. Before (3) I could do anything, he started running down the road. As soon as (4) I realized that he had stolen her purse, I phoned the police. While (5) the elderly man was running, he fell down several times. Just as (6) the man thought he had escaped, the police car arrived.