Presente simple o presente continuo

Gramática

Affirmative

I agree

He agrees

She agrees

It agrees

You agree

We agree

They agree

Negative

I don´t agree

He doesn´t agree

She doesn´t agree

It doesn´t agree

You don´t agree

We don´t agree

They don´t agree

Question

Do I agree?

Does he agree?

Does she agree?

Does it agree?

Do you agree?

Do we agree?

Do they agree? El present simple se utiliza para hablar de

* habitos o actividades regulares.

I play tennis every day.

* hechos o cosas que son siempre ciertas.

Water boils at 100ºC.

Olympic athletes train very hard.

* un acontecimiento futuro o programado.

Her train arrives at 11.30.

Present continuousAffirmative

I ´m thinking

He ´s thinking

She ´s thinking

It ´s thinking

You ´re thinking

We ´re thinking

They ´re thinking

Negative

I ´m not thinking

He isn´t thinking

She isn´t thinking

It isn´t thinking

You aren´t thinking

We aren´t thinking

They aren´t thinking

Questions

Am I thinking?

Is he thinking?

Is she thinking?

Is it thinking?

Are you thinking?

Are we thinking?

Are they thinking? El present continuous se utiliza para hablar de

* acciones en curso en el momento en que se habla.

He´s having breakfast in the kitchen.

* stuaciones transitorias.

We´re staying with friends for a week.

* planes de future.

We´re leaving at 8.30.

State verbs

He doesn´ t like spaghetti.

I understand what you´re saying.

We know what you´ve been doing.

Existen ciertos verbos que casi nunca se utilizan en present continuous, present perfect continuous o past continuous. Son las llamadaos verbos de estado (state verbs).

Los más comunes son:

Verbos de pensamiento: understand, know, remember, believe, forget

Verbos de gustos y aversiones: like, love, prefer, hate

Verbos de estado y posesión: be, own

Ejercicios

A. Presente simple – presente continuo

1. Elizabeth is late. Yes, she ………………. (wait) for her sister.

2. What ………………. (you, do)? I´m sending an email.

3. Sarah ………………. (not go, often) to the Cyber café.

4. ¨Hello!¨ ¨Where ………………. (you, go) ?¨

5. I ………………. (like) black coffee in the morning because it ………………. (wake) me up.

6. It´s very noisy! ………………. (you have) a party?

7. ¨Michael! Dinner!¨ ¨OK I ………………. (come).¨

9. Who ………………. (you, usually, give) presents at Christmas?

10. Restaurants ………………. (stay) open late in Spain.

11. John´s in the kitchen. He ………………. (cook) breakfast.

12. What ………………. (you, think) about?

13. ………………. (you / have got) any brothers and sister?

14. I (listen) to rap music when I ………………. (want) to dance.

15. This place ………………. (never, open) on Wednesdays.

16. How many people ………………. (visit) this place every summer?

17. Patricia ………………. (make) all of her own clothes. At the moment she ………………. (make) a dress for herself.

18. What is that smell? Something ………………. (burn) in the kitchen.

19. You can borrow my dictionary. I ………………. (not / need) it at the moment.

20. Where ………………. (you / go) now? I ………………. (go) to the shops.

21. Why ………………. (you laugh)? Because I ………………. (like) this programme.

22. I ………………. (study) now because I´ve got a test in half an hour.

23. How often ………………. (your friend, email) you?

24. Why ………………. (be, your father) angry with you?

25. It ………………. (rain). Let’s go inside.

Las respuestas correctas

1. Elizabeth is late. Yes, she is waiting for her sister.

2. What are you doing? I´m sending an email.

3. Sarah doesn´t often go to the Cyber café.

4. ¨Hello!¨ ¨Where are you going ?¨

5. I like black coffee in the morning because it wakes me up.

6. It´s very noisy! Are you having a party?

7. ¨Michael! Dinner!¨ ¨OK I am coming.¨

9. Who usually gives you presents at Christmas?

10. Restaurants stay open late in Spain.

11. John´s in the kitchen. He is cooking breakfast.

12. What are you thinking about?

13. Have you got any brothers and sister?

14. I listen to rap music when I want to dance.

15. This place never opens on Wednesdays.

16. How many people visit this place every summer?

17. Patricia makes all of her own clothes. At the moment she is making a dress for herself.

18. What is that smell? Something is burning in the kitchen.

19. You can borrow my dictionary. I don´t need it at the moment.

20. Where are you going now? I am going to the shops.

21. Why are you laughing? Because I like this programme.

22. I am studying now because I´ve got a test in half an hour.

23. How often does your friend, email you?

24. Why is your father angry with you?

25. It raining. Let’s go inside.

B. Presente simple – presente continuo

1. What ………………. (you, think) about violence in sport?

2. I usually ………………. enjoy Mexican food but I ………………. (not enjoy) this meal at all.

3. Excuse me, ………………. (you, know) how to get to Calle San Miguel?

4. He ………………. (work) overtime this month because he ………………. (save up) to buy a computer.

5. What ………………. (you, listen) to? It sounds awful.

6. This cake ………………. (to be) delicious.

7. He usually ………………. (smoke) thirty cigarettes a day, but at the moment he ………………. (try) very hard to cut down.

8. Hurry! The bus ………………. (come). I ………………. (not want) to miss it.

9. What time ………………. (the next train, leave)?

10. Milena is excited. She ………………. (think) about tonight´s party.

11. Christina ………………. (work) for the Iberia airline. She is a pilot.

12. The art exhibition ………………. (open) on the 4th of November and ………………. (finish) the 15th of February.

13. The river Amazon ………………. (flow) into the Pacific Ocean.

14. He normally ………………. (learn) languages very fast, but he ……………….(have) problems with Chinese.

15. I ………………. (not like) my gym. I ………………. (not, get) fit fast enough!

16. What ………………. (Trina, do) at the moment?

17. Johann and I ………………. (go) to the beach every weekend.

18. ¨Have you finished your homework?¨ ¨No I´ve got a problem. I ………………. (not understand) this question. Can you help me?¨

19. ………………. (you, fly) to Dublin this weekend?

20. They always ………………. (take) the bus to work.

21. ¨………………. (you, remember) where I put my car keys?¨ ¨I ………………. (think) they are on the table in the kitchen.¨

22. Nowadays there ………………. (be) more cars on the roads than ever before.

23. The managers of the company ………………. (meet) regularly.

24. Malvina ………………. (rest) on the sofa. She´s tired.

25. ¨Why ………………. (those people, wait) outside the shop?¨ ¨Because it´s the first day of the sales.¨

Las respuestas correctas

1. What do you think about violence in sport?

2. I usually enjoy Mexican food but I do not enjoy this meal at all.

3.Excuse me, do you know how to get to Calle San Miguel?

4. He is working overtime this month because he is saving up to buy a computer.

5. What do you listen to? It sounds awful.

6. This cake is delicious.

7. He usually smokes thirty cigarettes a day, but at the moment he is trying very hard to cut down.

8. Hurry! The bus is coming. I do not want to miss it.

9. What time is the next train leaving?

10. Milena is excited. She is thinking about tonight´s party.

11. Christina works for the Iberia airline. She is a pilot.

12. The art exhibition opens on the 4th of November and finishes the 15th of February.

13. The river Amazon flows into the Pacific Ocean.

14. He normally learns languages very fast, but he is having problems with Chinese.

15. I do not like my gym. I am not getting fit fast enough!

16. What is Trina doing at the moment?

17. Johann and I go to the beach every weekend.

18. ¨Have you finished your homework?¨ ¨No I´ve got a problem. I do not understand this question. Can you help me?¨

19. Are you flying to Dublin this weekend?

20. They always take the bus to work.

21. ¨Do you remember where I put my car keys?¨ ¨I think they are on the table in the kitchen.¨

22. Nowadays there are more cars on the roads than ever before.

23. The managers of the company meet regularly.

24. Malvina is resting on the sofa. She´s tired.

25. ¨Why do those people wait outside the shop?¨ ¨Because it´s the first day of the sales.¨

C. Presente simple – presente continuo.

1. ………………. (the Johnson´s ,go) to Italy this year?

2. Every winter, my family ………………. (go) to Portugal for two weeks.

3. ………………. (you, do) anything at the moment?

4. The show ………………. (start) at 8:30 pm.

5. Every year the weather ………………. (change) in November.

6. Antonio ………………. (write) another report this week.

7. ¨………………. (you, watch) the horror film tonight on channel five?¨ ¨No, because I ………………. have a judo class on Tuesdays.¨

8. The moon ………………. (revolves) around the earth.

9. Silvia ………………. (practice) the piano twice a day.

10. The school year usually ………………. (begin) in September.

11. I ………………. (have) a shower now. Please answer the phone.

12. She ………………. (prefer) her coffee without sugar.

13. The plane ………………. (not leave) until midnight.

14. ¨Hurry up! We are late.¨ ¨Wait a minute. I ………………. (look for)my umbrella.¨ ¨Why?¨ ¨It ………………. (not rain).¨

15. What ………………. (this word, mean)?

16. How many rooms ………………. (this house, have)?

17. They ………………. (think) of selling their house.

18. Elephants ………………. (live) to be about as old as humans.

19. Our technology teacher ………………. (not believe) in giving tests, only projects.

20. Jenny and her grandmother are very close. They ………………. (phone) one another once a day.

21. Hold on a second, Mary. I want to turn off the gas, the water ………………. (boil) over.

22. He is still ill but he ………………. (get) better slowly.

23. My boss ………………. (always complain) about the amount of talking in the office.

24. Gonzalo won´t be in the office next Tuesday; he ………………. (take) the day off.

25. Aurelio ………………. (look) for work as a translator. He ………………. (speak) three languages fluently.

Las respuestas correctas

1. Do the Johnson´s go to Italy this year?

2. Every winter, my family goes to Portugal for two weeks.

3. Are you doing anything at the moment?

4. The show starts at 8:30 pm.

5. Every year the weather changes in November.

6. Antonio writes another report this week.

7. ¨Do you, watch the horror film tonight on channel five?¨ ¨No, because I have a judo class on Tuesdays.¨

8. The moon revolves around the earth.

9. Silvia practices the piano twice a day.

10. The school year usually begins in September.

11. I am having a shower now. Please answer the phone.

12. She prefers her coffee without sugar.

13. The plane does not leave until midnight.

14. ¨Hurry up! We are late.¨ ¨Wait a minute. I am looking for my umbrella.¨ ¨Why? It is not raining.¨

15. What does this word, mean?

16. How many rooms does this house, have?

17. They think of selling their house.

18. Elephants live to be about as old as humans.

19. Our technology teacher does not believe in giving tests, only projects.

20. Jenny and her grandmother are very close. They do phone one another once a day.

21. Hold on a second, Mary. I want to turn off the gas, the water is boiling over.

22. He is still ill but he is getting better slowly.

23. My boss always complains about the amount of talking in the office.

24. Gonzalo won´t be in the office next Tuesday; he takes the day off.

25. Aurelio looks for work as a translator. He speaks three languages fluently.

D. Presente simple – presente continuo.

1. Let´s go out. It ………………. (not, rain) now.

2. Joshua´s very untidy. He ………………. (always, leave) his things all over the place.

3. Sandra is in Amsterdam at the moment. She ……………….(stay) at the Lions Hotel. She ………………. (always, stay) there when she´s in Amsterdam.

4. ¨How is your English?¨ Not bad. It ………………. (improve) slowly.

5. The train is never late. It ………………. (always, leave) on time.

6. Salvador is interested in politics but he ………………. (not belong)to a political party.

7. Diana ………………. (practice) the piano regularly. She ………………. (play)in a concert next week, so she ………………. (work) especially hard this week.

8. I ………………. (think) this is your key. Am I right?

9. We ………………. (not enjoy) this concert so let´s go home.

10. The plane ………………. (not, leave) until midnight.

11. The doctor ………………. (doubt) that you will need to take medicine.

12. ………………. (your brothers, take) karate lessons this year?

13 Martin ………………. (study) photography and James ………………. (prefer) football.

14. ¨Do you read books in English?¨ ¨Yes, in fact I ………………. (read)a novel by Esther Hicks right now.¨

15. She ………………. (never, visit) us on Sundays.

16. He ………………. (works) overtime this month because he (save up) to buy a computer.

17. Cat is on Holiday in France. She ………………. (have) a great time and ………………. (not, want) to come back.

18. I want to lose weight, so this week I ………………. (not eat) lunch.

19. I think Paul and Ann have an argument. They ………………. (not, speak)to each other.

20. Angela has just started evening classes. She ………………. (learn) German.

21. ¨How is your new job?¨ ¨Not so good at the moment. I ………………. (not, enjoy) it very much.

22. How often ………………. (you, paint) your house? We ………………. (usually, paint) it every two years.

23. ………………. (he phone) you every week?

24. ¨Are you lying to me?¨ ¨Of course not, I ………………. (never lie).

25. ………………. (you, understand) the difference between Present simple and Continuous? Not yet, but I ………………. (try) very hard.

Las respuestas correctas

1. Let´s go out. It isn´t raining now.

2. Joshua´s very untidy. He always leaves his things all over the place.

3. Sandra is in Amsterdam at the moment. She´s staying at the Lions Hotel. She always stays there when she´s in Amsterdam.

4. ¨How is your English?¨ Not bad. It´s improving slowly.

5. The train is never late. It always leaves on time.

6. Salvador is interested in politics but he doesn´t belong to a political party.

7. Diana practices the piano regularly. She is playing in a concert next week, so she is working especially hard this week.

8. I think this is your key. Am I right?

9. We aren´t enjoying this concert so let´s go home.

10. The plane doesn´t leave until midnight.

11. The doctor doubts that you will need to take medicine.

12. Are your brothers taking karate lessons this year?

13 Martin studies photography and James prefers football.

14. ¨Do you read books in English?¨ ¨Yes, in fact I am reading a novel by Esther Hicks right now.¨

15. She never visits us on Sundays.

16. He works overtime this month because he´s saving up to buy a computer.

17. Cat is on Holiday in France. She has a great time and doesn´t want to come back.

18. I want to lose weight, so this week I am not eating lunch.

19. I think Paul and Ann have an argument. They are not speaking to each other.

20. Angela has just started evening classes. She is learning German.

21. ¨How is your new job?¨ ¨Not so good at the moment. I am not enjoying it very much.

22. How often do you paint your house? We usually paint it every two years.

23. Does he phone you every week?

24. ¨Are you lying to me?¨ ¨Of course not, I never lie.

25. Do you understand the difference between Present simple and Continuous? Not yet, but I am trying very hard.