Voz pasiva

Active: Many students use computers

Passive: Computers are used by many students

Present simple passive

I´m invited

He´s invited

She´s invited

It´s invited

You´re invited

We´re invited

They´re invited

Past simple passive

I was invited

He was invited

She was invited

It was invited

You were invited

We were invited

They were invited

Present perfect simple passive

I´ve been invited

He´s been invited

She´s been invited

It´s been invited

You´ve been invited

We´ve been invited

They´ve been invited

* El objeto de una oración activa es el sujeto de la misma oración en voz pasiva.

* La forma pasiva del present simple se construye con el present simple del verbo to be + un past particiciple.

* La forma pasiva del past simple se construye con el past simple del verbo to be + un past participle.

* La forma pasiva delpresent perfect simple se construye con el present perfect simple del verbo to be + el past participle del verbo principal.

* La oración pasiva se utiliza cuendo no se sabe quién realizó la acción o cuando se tiene mayor interés en la acción que en su autor.

* Puede uitlizarse by detrás del verbo en pasiva para indicar qué o quién realiza la acción.

It was painted by Cézanne.

The team will be chosen by the manager.



+ ¡Puntos extra! +

La construcción have / get (algo) done se utilize para hablar de acciones que son realizadas por otros.

I´ve had my bike repaired. = Someone else repaired my bike. I didn´t do it myself.

She got her hair cut. = Someone cut her hair, she didn´t cut it herself.

Ejercicios

A. Write sentences. Use the present or past passive.

1) They sell films at the video shop.

Films ……………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………….

2) She invites a lot of people to her party.

A lot of people ……………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………….

3) They make paper from trees.

Paper ……………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………….

4) Shakespeare wrote Hamlet around 1600.

Hamlet ……………………………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………………………….

5) People don´t use euros in Great Britain.

Euro ……………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………….

6) They didn´t invent email until 1971.

Email ……………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………….

7) Someone stole my keys on Sunday.

My keys ……………………………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………………………………………….

8) They didn´t turn the lights off last night.

The lights ……………………………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………………………………

9) They don´t include breakfast in the price.

Breakfast ……………………………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………………………………………….

10) They speak English here.

English ………………………………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………………………………………….

A. Las respuestas correctas.

1) They sell films at the video shop.

Films are sold at the video shop.

2) She invites a lot of people to her party.

A lot of people are invited to her party.

3) They make paper from trees.

Paper is made from trees.

4) Shakespeare wrote Hamlet around 1600.

Hamlet was written around 1600.

5) People don´t use euros in Great Britain.

Euro isn´t used in Great Britain.

6) They didn´t invent email until 1971.

Email wasn´t invented until 1971.

7) Someone stole my keys on Sunday.

My keys were stolen on Sunday.

8) They didn´t turn the lights off last night.

The lights weren’t turned off last night.

9) They don´t include breakfast in the price.

Breakfast isn´t included in the price.

10) They speak English here.

English is spoken here.

B. Circle the correct verb.

1) (Were / Was) the boys asked a difficult question?

2) (Is / Was) the teacher given a present?

3) Are those clothes (made / make) in China?

4) Are France and Great Britain (connect / connected) by a tunnel?

5) Was your mum (rob / robbed) last night?

6) Are organic foods (sell / sold) in supermarkets?

7) Was the song (recorded / recording) in Madrid?

8) (Was / Were) we looked after well?

9) (Is / Are) rice grown in England?

B. Las respuestas correctas.

1) Were the boys asked a difficult question?

2) Was the teacher given a present?

3) Are those clothes made in China?

4) Are France and Great Britain connected by a tunnel?

5) Was your mum robbed last night?

6) Are organic foods sold in supermarkets?

7) Was the song recorded in Madrid?

8) Were we looked after well?

9) Is rice grown in England?

C. Write sentences. Use the present passive.

1) My region produces wine

…………………………………………………………………………………………………..

2) They organise this concert for charity

…………………………………………………………………………………………………..

3) The government doesn´t raise money

…………………………………………………………………………………………………..

4) They don´t show classical music on MTV

…………………………………………………………………………………………………..

5) They pay some pop stars well

…………………………………………………………………………………………………..

C. Las respuestas correctas.

1) My region produces wine

Wine is produced in my region.

2) They organise this concert for charity

This concert is organised for charity.

3) The government doesn´t raise money

Money isn´t raised by the government.

4) They don´t show classical music on MTV

Classical music isn´t shown on MTV.

5) They pay some pop stars well

Some pop stars are paid well.

D. Circle the correct answer.

1) My favourite song was (play / played) on the radio yesterday

2) The video (not was / wasn´t) produced in Amsterdam

3) Beatles records were (banned / banning) in America

4) I (was / are) chosen for the school play!

5) Billions of songs (was / were) downloaded from the Internet last year.

6) USB sticks (weren´t / wasn´t) invented in 1966

7) A lot of money (was / were) raised last night

D. Las respuestas correctas.

1) My favourite song was played on the radio yesterday

2) The video wasn´t produced in Amsterdam

3) Beatles records were banned in America

4) I was chosen for the school play!

5) Billions of songs were downloaded from the Internet last year.

6) USB sticks weren´t invented in 1966.

7) A lot of money was raised last night.

E. Write sentences with the future passive.

1) the video /not sell / in the shops

…………………………………………………………………………………………………..

2) I / not invite / to Gemma´s party

…………………………………………………………………………………………………..

3) you / pay / in euros

…………………………………………………………………………………………………..

4) CDs / replace / soon

…………………………………………………………………………………………………..

5) the film / not show / in America

…………………………………………………………………………………………………..

6) more paper / recycle / in the future

…………………………………………………………………………………………………..

E. Las respuestas correctas.

1) the video /not sell / in the shops

The video will not be sold in the shops.

2) I / not invite / to Gemma´s party

I will not be invited to Gemma´s party.

3) you / pay / in euros

You will be paid in euros.

4) CDs / replace / soon

Cds will be replaced soon.

5) the film / not show / in America

The film will not be shown in America.

6) more paper / recycle / in the future

More paper will be recycled in the future.

F. Write the questions in the correct order.

1) CDs / invented / were / 1992 / in /?

…………………………………………………………………………………………………..

2) this / radio / played / is / song / the / on /?

…………………………………………………………………………………………………..

3) charity / be / money / the / will / given / to /?

…………………………………………………………………………………………………..

4) English / written / the / was / newspaper / in / ?

…………………………………………………………………………………………………..

5) your / the world / read / is / around / web site / ?

…………………………………………………………………………………………………..

6) awarded / the / be / actress / will / an Oscar / ?

…………………………………………………………………………………………………..

7) alcohol / sold / at / was / the concert

…………………………………………………………………………………………………..

F. Las respuestas correctas.

1) CDs / invented / were / 1992 / in /?

Were CDs invented in 1992?

2) this / radio / played / is / song / the / on /?

Is this song played on the radio?

3) charity / be / money / the / will / given / to /?

Will the money be given to charity?

4) English / written / the / was / newspaper / in / ?

Was the newspaper written in English?

5) your / the world / read / is / around / web site / ?

Is your web site read around the world?

6) awarded / the / be / actress / will / an Oscar / ?

Will the actress be awarded an Oscar?

7) alcohol / sold / at / was / the concert

Was alcohol sold at the concert?

G. Rewrite the sentences in the active form.

1) The politician is being interviewed.

A journalist …………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………….

2) The cat´s dish hasn´t been washed.

Nobody ………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………….

3) Are the animals kept in these cages ?

Do …………………………………………………………………………………………….

………………………………………………………………………………………………….?

4) This can only be explained by an expert.

Only ………………………………………………………………………………………….

…………………………………………………………………………………………………….

5) The bear has been seen on several occasions.

People …………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………….

6) Experiments were carried out to test the hypothesis

Scientists ……………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………….

7) Is she going to be met at Nairobi Airport?

Is somebody ………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………….

8) The new building won´t be finished until October.

They ………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………….

G. Las respuestas correctas.

1) The politician is being interviewed.

A journalist interviewed the politician.

2) The cat´s dish hasn´t been washed.

Nobody has washed the cat´s dish.

3) Are the animals kept in these cages ?

Do someone keep the animals in cages?

4) This can only be explained by an expert.

Only an expert can explain this.

5) The bear has been seen on several occasions.

People saw a bear on several occasions.

6) Experiments were carried out to test the hypothesis

Scientists carried out experiments to test the hypothesis.

7) Is she going to be met at Nairobi Airport?

Is somebody going to meet her at Nairobi Airport.

8) The new building won´t be finished until October.

They won´t finish the new building until October.

H. Rewrite the sentences in passive form.

1) Someone is watching us.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………

2) They will move the animals next week.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………

3) Why haven´t you fed the cat?

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………

4) Nobody has ever done that.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………

5) The neighbours contacted the police.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………

6) They were preparing the horses for the race.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………

7) The Queen is going to open the zoo.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………

8) A shark has attacked the surfer.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………

H. Las respuestas correctas.

1) Someone is watching us.

We are being watched.

2) They will move the animals next week.

The animals will be moved next week.

3) Why haven´t you fed the cat?

Why isn´t the cat fed?

4) Nobody has ever done that.

That hasn´t been done.

5) The neighbours contacted the police.

The police was contacted by the neighbours.

6) They were preparing the horses for the race.

The horses were being prepared for the race.

7) The Queen is going to open the zoo.

The zoo is going to be opened by the Queen.

8) A shark has attacked the surfer.

The surfer was attacked by the shark.

I. Rewrite the sentences. Use the correct form of “have something done”.

1) Someone delivers a newspaper to my house every morning

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

2) Someone is going to build a new office for the local newspaper this summer

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

3) Someone has typed up the crime report for the police officer.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

4) A Hollywood star is paying someone to make a film of her life

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

5) A bugler alarm was installed last week for our neighbours

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

I. Las respuestas correctas.

1) Someone delivers a newspaper to my house every morning

I am having a newspaper delivered to my house every morning.

2) Someone is going to build a new office for the local newspaper this summer

The local newspaper is getting a new office built by someone this summer.

3) Someone has typed up the crime report for the police officer.

The crime report is getting typed for the police officer.

4) A Hollywood star is paying someone to make a film of her life

Someone is paid by a Hollywood star to make a film of her life.

5) A bugler alarm was installed last week for our neighbours

Our neighbours had a bugler alarm installed last week.

J. Write sentences using have or get something done with the prompts.

1) Sally / get / eyes / test / optician´s / next Friday

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………

2) I / have / laptop / repair / computer shop / this week

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………

3) you / have / ever / passport / steal?

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………

4) They / get / cat / vaccinate / vet´s / last week

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………

5) We / would love / have / house / design / by that architect

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………

6) Tom / have / jacket / dry-clean / last week

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………

J. Las respuestas correctas.

1) Sally / get / eyes / test / optician´s / next Friday

Sally is getting her eyes tested at the optician´s next week.

2) I / have / laptop / repair / computer shop / this week

I am having my laptop repaired at the computer shop this week.

3) you / have / ever / passport / steal?

Have you ever had your passport stolen?

4) They / get / cat / vaccinate / vet´s / last week

They got their cat vaccinated at the vet´s last week.

5) We / would love / have / house / design / by that architect

We would love to have our house designed by that architect.

6) Tom / have / jacket / dry-clean / last week

Tom had his jacket dry cleaned last week.