`For´ o `since´

for

He´s had a motorbike for two months.

They´ve lived in Portugal for ten years.

since

He´s had a motorbike since his birthday.

I´ve known my best friend since I was four.

for y since se utilizan para expresar durante cuánto tiempo ha continuado una acción hasta el presente.

* for se utiliza para hablar de un periodo de tiempo.

I´ve been here for three days / a month / a year / a long time.

* since se utiliza para hablar de un momento concreto en el tiempo.

I´ve known how to surf since I was fifteen / since last summer / since I went to Cornwall.

Ejercicios

A. Write sentences. Use for and since and the verbs. Imagine it´s two o´clock on the 1st of April 2006.

1) I arrived at my friend´s house at eleven o´clock. (be)

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

2) We moved to Spain on the 1st of February 2006 (live).

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

3) I stopped playing football in November 2005. (not play)

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

4) I started violin lessons in April 2001. (have)

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

5) I saw Elvira in April 2005. (not see)

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

6) I bought this CD on the 31th of march 2006. (have)

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

A. Las respuestas correctas.

1) I arrived at my friend´s house at eleven o´clock. (be)

I´ve been at my friends house since eleven o´clock.

I´ve been at my friends house for 2 hours.

2) We moved to Spain on the 1st of February 2006 (live).

We´ve lived in Spain since the 1st of February 2006.

We´ve living in Spain for two months.

3) I stopped playing football in November 2005. (not play)

I haven´t been playing football since November 2005.

I haven´t been playing football for four months.

4) I started violin lessons in April 2001. (have)

I´ve had violin lessons since April 2001.

I´ve had violin lessons for five years.

5) I saw Elvira in April 2005. (not see)

I haven´t seen Elvira since April 2005.

I haven´t seen Elvira fort a year.

6) I bought this CD on the 31th of march 2006. (have)

I´ve had this CD since March 2006.

I´ve had this CD for one day.

B. Complete the phrases with for or since.

1) …………………………….. I was 7 years old.

2) …………………………….. about four years.

3) …………………………….. six months.

4) …………………………….. I ate breakfast this morning.

5) …………………………….. last July.

6) …………………………….. a few days.

7) …………………………….. we went to their concert.

B. Las respuestas correctas.

1) since I was 7 years old.

2) for about four years.

3) for six months.

4) since I ate breakfast this morning.

5) since last July.

6) for a few days.

7) since we went to their concert.

C. Complete the sentences using for or since.

1) We´ve been friends / seven years.

……………………………..……………………………..……………………………..

2) I haven´t eaten anything / five o´clock.

……………………………..……………………………..……………………………..

3) You´ve known your teacher / September.

……………………………..……………………………..……………………………..

4) My Dad hasn´t ridden a bike / 2002.

……………………………..……………………………..……………………………..

5) She hasn´t spoken to her boyfriend / three weeks.

……………………………..……………………………..……………………………..

C. Las respuestas correctas.

1) We´ve been friends / seven years.

We´ve been friends for seven years.

2) I haven´t eaten anything / five o´clock.

I haven´t eaten anything since 5 o´clock.

3) You´ve known your teacher / September.

You´ve known your teacher since September.

4) My Dad hasn´t ridden a bike / 2002.

My Dad hasn´t ridden a bike since 2002.

5) She hasn´t spoken to her boyfriend / three weeks.

She hasn´t spoken to her boyfriend for three weeks.

D. Complete the sentences using for or since.

1) We have been living in Malta ……………………… five years.

2) We have been thinking about moving back to the US ……………………… five months.

3) We have been applying for jobs there ……………………… May.

4) We have been saving our money ……………………… two years.

5) We have been going to the US on holiday ……………………… 2007.

6) How often have you been abroad ……………………… last year?

D. Las respuestas correctas.

1) We have been living in Malta for five years.

2) We have been thinking about moving back to the US for five months.

3) We have been applying for jobs there since May.

4) We have been saving our money for two years.

5) We have been going to the US on holiday since 2007.

6) How often have you been abroad since last year?

E. Choose the correct alternative.

1) Peter has studied Spanish (for / since) 1966.

2) My parents have known each other (for / since) 1966.

3) You haven´t bought any new clothes (for / since) months. Let´s go shopping!

4) Denise has worked in the same office (for / since) she was 18.

5) We haven´t had a holiday (for / since) 2010.

6) Amy has lived in Amsterdam (for / since) she left school.

7) We haven´t seen Jennifer (for / since) a long time.

8) I´ve been here (for / since) an hour.

E. Las respuestas correctas.

1) Peter has studied Spanish for ten years.

2) My parents have known each other since 1966.

3) You haven´t bought any new clothes for months. Let´s go shopping!

4) Denise has worked in the same office since she was 18.

5) We haven´t had a holiday since 2010.

6) Amy has lived in Amsterdam since she left school.

7) We haven´t seen Jennifer for a long time.

8) I´ve been here for an hour.

F. Rewrite the sentences to mean the same. Use for or since.

1) Jadira has a moped. She bought it in 2005.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………….

2) He is in Germany. He went to Germay two weeks ago.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………….

3) Rachael has two cats. She got them last year.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………….

4) They know Bob. They first met him four years ago.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………….

5) Sophie plays the guitar. She started four weeks ago.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………….

6) I fell ill last weekend. I still feel ill today.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………….

7) He lives in Málaga. He moved there when he was ten.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………….

F. Las respuestas correctas.

1) Jadira has a moped. She bought it in 2005.

Jadira´s had a moped since 2005.

2) He is in Germany. He went to Germay two weeks ago.

He has been in Germany for two weeks.

3) Rachael has two cats. She got them last year.

Rachael has got two cats since last year.

4) They know Bob. They first met him four years ago.

They´ve known Bob for four years.

5) Sophie plays the guitar. She started four weeks ago.

Sophie´s played the guitar for four weeks.

6) I fell ill last weekend. I still feel ill today.

I´ve fallen ill since last weekend.

7) He lives in Málaga. He moved there when he was ten.

He´s lived in Málaga since he was ten.

G. Complete the sentences with for or since.

1) I´ve had a bicycle ……………………………… I was 10 years old.

2) It hasn´t rained ……………………………… two months.

3) We´ve been waiting ……………………………… nearly 2 hours.

4) I´ve been studying English ……………………………… five years.

5) I´ve lived here ……………………………… 2002.

6) I haven´t spoken to John ……………………………… last Saturday.

7) Tina´s been sending text messages ……………………………… the last 20 minutes.

8) We´ve known each other ……………………………… last December.

G. Las respuestas correctas.

1) I´ve had a bicycle since I was 10 years old.

2) It hasn´t rained for two months.

3) We´ve been waiting for nearly 2 hours.

4) I´ve been studying English for five years.

5) I´ve lived here since 2002.

6) I haven´t spoken to John since last Saturday.

7) Tina´s been sending text messages for the last 20 minutes.

8) We´ve known each other since last December.

H. Combine the two sentences using the present perfect simple or continuous and for or since.

1) I know Lisa. I met her three years ago.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

2) Guillermo lives in Málaga. He moved there when he was three.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

3) José María plays the electric guitar. He started four years ago.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

4) Alexander is reading that book. He started it last Sunday.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

5) Debbie works at the library. She started one year ago.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

6) Lamberto is studying Chinese. He began 15 September.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

H. Las respuestas correctas.

1) I know Lisa. I met her three years ago.

I´ve known Lisa for three years-

2) Guillermo lives in Málaga. He moved there when he was three.

Guillermo´s lived in Málaga since he was three.

3) José María plays the electric guitar. He started four years ago.

José María has played the electric guitar for four years.

4) Alexander is reading that book. He started it last Sunday.

Alexander has been reading that book since last Sunday.

5) Debbie works at the library. She started one year ago.

Debbie´s worked at the library for a year.

6) Lamberto is studying Chinese. He began 15 September.

Lamberto has been studying Chinese since 15 September.

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