El pasado simple de los verbos regulares e irregulares

Pasado simple (verbos regulares)

Afirmativo

I worked.

You worked.

He worked.

She worked.

It worked.

We worked.

You worked.

They worked.

Forma afirmativa:

Sujeto + infinitive del verbo sin to + ed.

I watched TV yesterday.

Ortografía

* Con la mayoría de los vebos, se añade –ed al infinitive sin to.

work - worked

* Con verbos acabados en –e, se añade –d.

live - lived

* Con verbos acabados en consonante + y, la y se sustituye por –ied.

study - studied

* Con verbos acabados en consonante, vocal, consonante, la consonante se duplica y se añade –ed.

travel - travelled

Pasado simple (verbos irregulares)

El pasado simple de algunos verbos ingleses no acaba en –ed, sino que tiene una forma irregular, que es la misma para todas las personas.

`have´ se convierte en `had´

I had

You had

He had

She had

It had

We had

You had

They had

Los verbos irregulars no siguen normas ortográficas generales, por lo que hay que aprendérselos de memoría.

Lista de verbos irregulares

Infinitivo - Pasado simple - Traducción

be - was, were - ser, estar

become - became - convertirse en, volverse

begin - began - empezar

break - broke - romper(se)

build - built - construir

buy - bought - comprar

can - could - poder, saber

catch - caught - coger

come - came - venir

cost - cost - costar

do - did - hacer

draw - drew - dibujar

drink - drank - beber

drive - drove - conducir

eat - ate - comer

feel - felt - sentir(se), notar

fight - fought - luchar

find - found - encontrar

fly - flew - volar

forget - forgot - olvidar

get - got - conseguir

get up - got up - levantarse

give - gave - dar

go - went - ir(se)

have - had - haber, tener

hold - held - agarrar, sujetar

keep - kept - guarder, mantener(se)

know - knew - saber, conocer

learn - learnt - aprender

leave - left - abandoner, irse (de)

let - let - dejar

lose - lost - perder

make - made - hacer

meet - met - conocer, encontrarse (con)

pay - paid - pagar

read - read - leer

ride - rode - montar a (caballo), andar en (bici…)

run - ran - correr

say - said - decir

see - saw - ver

send - sent - mandar, enviar

shine - shone - brillar

sing - sang - cantar

sit - sat - sentarse

sleep - slept - dormir

speak - spoke - hablar

spend - spent - gastar, pasar(tiempo)

steal - stole - robar

swim - swam - nadar

take - took - coger

teach - taught - enseñar

think - thought - pensar

wear - wore - vestir, llevar puesto

write - wrote - escribir

Pasado simple (verbos regulares e irregulares)Negativo

I didn´t work.

You didn´t work.

He didn´t work.

She didn´t work.

It didn´t work.

We didn´t work.

You didn´t work.

They didn´t work.

Interrogativa

Did I work?

Did you work?

Did he work?

Did she work?

Did it work?

Did we work?

Did you work?

Did they work?

Respuestas BrevesAfirmativa

Yes, I did.

Yes, you did.

Yes, he did.

Yes, she did.

Yes, it did.

Yes, we did.

Yes, you did.

Yes, they did.

Negativa

No, I didn´t.

No, you didn´t.

No, he didn´t.

No, she didn´t.

No, it didn´t.

No, we didn´t.

No, you didn´t.

No, they didn´t.

El las frases negativas e interrogativas, así como en las respuestas breves, el auxiliar es el mismo para todas las personas.

Frases Negativas:

I didn´t.

You didn´t.

He didn´t.

She didn´t.

It didn´t.

We didn´t.

You didn´t.

They didn´t.

Frases interrogativas:

Did I?

Did you?

Did he?

Did she?

Did it?

Did we?

Did you?

Did they?

Recuerda:

* En las frases negativas e interrogativas, siempre se debe utilizar el infinitivo del verbo sin to.

She didn´t phone her

No se puede decir: She didn´t phoned her.

Did you study yesterday?

No se puede decir: Did you studied yesterday?

* En las preguntas que contienen partículas interrogativas (what, when, who, why, where), estas se colocan delante del auxiliar did.

Where did you go?

Who did he visit?

Usos:

El pasado simple se utiliza para hablar de acciones que sucedieron en un momento concreto del pasado. En estas frases aparecen expresiones de tiempo tales como yesterday (ayer), last week (la semana pasada), last night (anoche), etc.

I played football last Saturday. We went shopping yesterday.

Ago

* Ago se traduce por ¨hace¨ y se refiere a una acción del pasado, a algo que ya ha acabado.

They travelled to London three days ago.

* Ago no puede encabazar una expression de tiempo.

ten years ago

No se puede decir: ago ten years

Ejercicios

A. Completar las frases

Ejemplo:

I didn´t watch TV last night.

1. On Saturday I ____________ (play) computer games with my cousins.

2. My mum ____________ (not cook) dinner last night.

3. I ____________ (walk) to school because there weren´t any buses.

4. They ____________ (not dance) at the party.

5. My brother ____________ (travel) to Ireland last summer.

Las respuestas correctas

1. On Saturday I played computer games with my cousins.

2. My mum didn´t cook dinner last night.

3. I walked to school because there weren´t any buses.

4. They didn´t dance at the party.

5. My brother travelled to Ireland last summer.

B. Escribe el pasado simple de estos verbos

1. copy __________

2. revise __________

3. cycle __________

4. listen __________

5. practice __________

6. play __________

7. like __________

8. move __________

9. shout __________

10. start __________

Las respuestas correctas

1. copy copied

2. revise revised

3. cycle cycled

4. listen listened

5. practice practiced

6. play played

7. like liked

8. move moved

9. shout shouted

10. start started

C. Escribe las preguntas en el orden correcto

Ejemplo:

night? / meet / Did / you / them / last /

Did you meet them last night?

1. film? / like / you / Did / the /

_________________________________

2. you / many / did / ask? / How / people /

_________________________________

3. a / have / time? / they / Did / good /

_________________________________

4. did / weekend? / the / What / do / we / at /

_________________________________

5. she / DVD? / Where / that / did / buy /

_________________________________

6. party / on / your / go / Saturday? / he / Did / to /

_________________________________

7. did / yesterday? / Who / you / see /

_________________________________

Las respuestas correctas

1. Did you like the film?

2. How many people did you ask?

3. Did they have a good time?

4. What did we do at the weekend?

5. Where did she buy that DVD?

6. Did he go to your party on Saturday?

7. Who did you see yesterday?

D. Corrige las frases

Who do you met on Saturday morning? X

Who did you meet on Saturday morning?

1. Did he went to school yesterday? X

2. Why did you to go home early? X

3. Where you did learn English? X

4. Did she works today? X

5. What do you this yesterday? X

6. Did they last night phone you? X

Las respuestas correctas

1. Did he go to school yesterday?

2. Why did you go home early?

3. Where did you learn English?

4. Did she work today?

5. What did you do this yesterday?

6. Did they phone you last night?

E. ¿Verbos regulares (R) o irregulares (I)?

play R

1. fly ___________

2. use ___________

3. study ___________

4. eat ___________

5. make ___________

6. travel ___________

7. see ___________

Las respuestas correctas

1. fly I

2. use R

3. study R

4. eat I

5. make I

6. travel R

7. see I

F. Escribe el pasado simple de los verbos del ejercicios E.

1. ___________

2. ___________

3. ___________

4. ___________

5. ___________

6. ___________

7. ___________

Las respuestas correctas

1. flew

2. used

3. studied

4. ate

5. made

6. travelled

7. saw

G. Completa las frases utilizando el pasado simple de los verbos.

be – got up – meet – have – go – run – drink – sleep – swim – eat

Yesterday I got up early, at about seven o´clock.

1. I ________ a shower and some fruit for breakfast.

2. Then I ________ to the sports centre.

3. I ________ 500 meters in the swimming pool and then

4. I ________ 5 kilometers.

5. At lunchtime I ________ my friends in a café.

6. We ________ some pasta and ________ some juice.

7. After lunch I ________ for a few hours, I ________ tired!

Las respuestas correctas

1. I had a shower and some fruit for breakfast.

2. Then I went to the sports centre.

3. I swam ran 500 meters in the swimming pool and then

4. I ran5 kilometers.

5. At lunchtime I met my friends in a café.

6. We ate some pasta and drank some juice.

7. After lunch I slept for a few hours, I was tired!

H. Completa con el verbo en pasado simple (verbos regulares)

1. I opened the door and ___________ (look) inside.

2. Who ___________ (close) all the windows?

3. I ___________ (carry) my mom´s shopping bag.

4. I ___________ (not climb) over the fence.

5. I ___________ (rip) my shirt.

6. The plane ___________ (land) ten minutes ago.

7. We ___________ (live) in that house when I was a baby.

8. My brother ___________ (not cry) when he fell of his bike.

9. We ___________ (walk) to school yesterday.

10. She ___________ (smile) when she saw me.

11. We ___________ (hurry) to the station to catch the train.

12. She ___________ (laugh) when I told her the joke.

13. We ___________ (race) each other on our bikes.

14. Dad ___________ (not help) me with my homework.

15. Helen ___________ (whisper) me a secret.

16. Luis Miguel ___________ (hurry) to catch a bus.

17. We ___________ (return) our books to the library.

18. She ___________ (not kiss) the frog.

19. The frog ___________ (change) into a prince.

20. Two doctors ___________ (rush) into the room.

21. I ___________ (not kick) the ball very hard.

22. Who ___________ (invent) the computer?

23. Dinosaurs ___________ (live) many years ago.

24. It ___________ (not snow) last night.

25. They ___________ (not work) until twelve last night.

Las respuestas correctas

1. I opened the door and looked inside.

2. Who did close all the windows?

3. I carried my mom´s shopping bag.

4. I didn´t climb over the fence.

5. I ripped my shirt.

6. The plane landed ten minutes ago.

7. We lived in that house when I was a baby.

8. My brother didn´t cry when he fell of his bike.

9. We walked to school yesterday.

10. She smiled when she saw me.

11. We hurried to the station to catch the train.

12. She laughed when I told her the joke.

13. We raced each other on our bikes.

14. Dad didn´t help me with my homework.

15. Helen whispered me a secret.

16. Luis Miguel hurried to catch a bus.

17. We returned our books to the library.

18. She didn´t kiss the frog.

19. The frog changed into a prince.

20. Two doctors rushed into the room.

21. I didn´t kick the ball very hard.

22. Who invented the computer?

23. Dinosaurs lived many years ago.

24. It didn´t snow last night.

25. They didn´t work until twelve last night.

I. Pasado simple (verbos irregulares)

1. I ___________ (loose) my watch in the park.

2. David ___________ (not hurt) his knee.

3. I kicked the ball and it ___________ (break) a window.

4. My new shoes ___________ (not cost) a lot of money.

5. I ___________ (get) this book from the library.

6. We had a garage where we ___________ (keep) our car.

7. Ali ___________ (cut) his knee.

8. The glass ___________ (fall) off the table.

9. The glass ___________ (not break).

10. We ___________ (sell) our old car.

11. We ___________ (buy) a new car.

12. The bell ___________ (not ring).

13. We all ___________ (go) into school.

14. The dog ___________ (catch) the ball.

15. The man ___________ (not kneel) down.

16. Our cat ___________ (run) onto the road.

17. Jane ___________ (not write) a letter.

18. I ___________ (buy) a new camera last week.

19. We ___________ (drive) to a safari park yesterday.

20. Yesterday Dad ___________ (not take) me to the carnival.

21. Elizabeth ___________ (give) Eva a chocolate.

22. Jack and Jill ___________ (not go) up the hill.

23. Her ring ___________ (cost) ten Euros.

24. I ___________ (put) sugar in my coffee.

25. He ___________ (not hit) the ball over the net.

Las respuestas correctas

1. I lost my watch in the park.

2. David didn´t hurt his knee.

3. I kicked the ball and it broke a window.

4. My new shoes didn´t cost a lot of money.

5. I got this book from the library.

6. We had a garage where we kept our car.

7. Ali cut his knee.

8. The glass fell off the table.

9. The glass didn´t break.

10. We sold our old car.

11. We bought a new car.

12. The bell didn´t ring.

13. We all went into school.

14. The dog caught the ball.

15. The man didn´t kneel down.

16. Our cat ran onto the road.

17. Jane didn´t write a letter.

18. I bought a new camera last week.

19. We drove to a safari park yesterday.

20. Yesterday Dad didn´t take me to the carnival.

21. Elizabeth gave Eva a chocolate.

22. Jack and Jill didn´t go up the hill.

23. Her ring cost ten Euros.

24. I put sugar in my coffee.

25. He didn´t hit the ball over the net.
Fichas sobre el pasado simple: verbos regulares e irregulares
Las respuestas correctas

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