Presente simple: afirmativo, negativo, interrogativo, y respuestas cortas

Afirmativo

I get up at eight o´clock

You get up at eight o´clock

He gets up at eight o´clock

She gets up at eight o´clock

It gets up at eight o´clock

We get up at eight o´clock

You get up at eight o´clock

They get up at eight o´clock


Negativo

I do not (don´t)get up at eight o´clock

You do not (don´t get) up at eight o´clock

He does not (doesn´t) get up at eight o´clock

She does not (doesn´t) get up at eight o´clock

It does not (doesn´t) get up at eight o´clock

We do not (don´t) get up at eight o´clock

You do not (don´t) get up at eight o´clock

They do not (don´t) get up at eight o´clock

Interrogativo (yes/no questions)


Do I like fish?

Do you like fish?

Does he like fish?

Does she like fish?

Does it like fish?

Do we like fish?

Do you like fish?

Do they like fish?


Respuestas cortas

Yes, I do.

Yes, you do.

Yes, he does.

Yes, she does.

Yes, it does.

Yes, we do.

Yes, you do.

Yes, they do.

No, I don´t

No, you don´t

No, he doesn´t

No, she doesn´t

No, it doesn´t

No, we don´t

No, you don´t

No, they don´t

* Con las respuestas cortas no repetimos el verbo principal. Sólo utilizamos la forma correspondiente del verbo auxiliary do.


Interrogativo (wh – questions)

When do I get up?

When do you get up?

When does he get up?

When does she get up?

When does it get up?

When do we get up?

When do you get up?

When do they get up?

Uso del presente simple

* Se utiliza el presente simple para hablar de actividades que se realizan regularmente y para hablar de rutinas (diarias, semanales, anuales, etc).

NO SE UTILIZA para hablar de actividades que está sucediendo en el momento dehablar.

* Con he, she, it (la tercera persona singular) en afirmativo, se añade –s o –es al verbo,según las reglas siguientes.

Reglas de ortografía –verbo + -s/-es

* Para formar la tercera persona singular (que corresponde a he, she, it) del presente simple, normalmente se añade –s.

eat - eats

work - works

* A los verbos que acaban en –ch, -sh, -s, -x, se les añade –es. wash - washes

teach - teaches

* A los verbos do y go se les añade –es. do - does

go - goes

* A los verbos acabados en consonante + -y, se les quita la –y y se añade –ies.

try - tries

study - studies

* A los verbos acabados en vocal + -y, se les añade –s. say - says

play - plays

Pronunciación – verbo + -es.

*La terminación –es del presente simple se pronuncia /iz/ cuando los verbos acaban en –ch, -sh, -s, -x, añadiendo una sílaba al verbo.

I teach - he teaches

En los demás verbos, la terminación –es no constituye una sílaba adicional.

we go - she goes

Ejercicios

Utiliza la presente simple afirmativa

1. I ________ (go) shopping with my brother.

2. We sometimes ________ (use) a dictionary in class.

3. My friends ________ (study) Italian at their school.

4. School ________ (finish) at three o´clock.

5.You ________ (live) near me.

6. He ________(like) rap music.

7. She ________ (do) her homework before dinner.

8. We ________ (play) tennis in school on Wednesday afternoon.

9. I ________ (watch) TV in the evening.

10. My mother ________ (teach) art.

Las respuestas correctas

1. I go shopping with my brother.

2. We sometimes use a dictionary in class.

3. My friends study Italian at their school.

4. School finishes at three o´clock.

5.You live near me.

6. He likes rap music.

7. She does her homework before dinner.

8. We play tennis in school on Wednesday afternoon.

9. I watch TV in the evening.

10. My mother teaches art.

Hacer las frases en negativa

1. I study French.

_____________________________________________

2. School finishes at two o´clock.

_____________________________________________

3. You copy from other students.

_____________________________________________

4. We think English is easy.

_____________________________________________

5. My friends play volleyball.

_____________________________________________

6. I watch TV on Saturday morning.

_____________________________________________

7. She speaks Chinese.

_____________________________________________

8. The dog likes cats.

_____________________________________________

9. They listen to pop music.

_____________________________________________

10. I play with my hamster every day.

_____________________________________________

Las respuestas correctas

1. I don´t study French.

2. School doesn´t finish at two o´clock.

3. You copy from other students.

4. We don´t think English is easy.

5. My friends don´t play volleyball.

6. I don´t watch TV on Saturday morning.

7. She doesn´t speak Chinese.

8. The dog doesn´t like cats.

9. They don´t listen to pop music.

10. I don´t play with my hamster every day.

Escribir las frases y completar las respuestas breves

1. live / at / you / Do / school / ?

_____________________________________________

No, ___________________

2. in / students / Do / the canteen / ? / eat

_____________________________________________

Yes, ___________________

3. to school / your brother / on Saturday / ? / Does / go

_____________________________________________

No, ___________________

4. live / near / Do / your friends / you / ?

_____________________________________________

Yes, ___________________

5. at / school/ finish / Does / three o´clock / ?

_____________________________________________

No, ___________________

Las respuestas correctas

1. Do you live at school?

No, I don´t.

2. Do students eat in the canteen?

Yes, they do.

3. Does your brother go to school on Saturday?

No, he doesn´t.

4. Do your friends live near you?

Yes, they do.

5. Does school finish at three o´clock?

No, it doesn´t.

Presente Simple

1. I _________ (play) tennis after school

2. You _________ (start) school at nine o´clock.

3. We _________ (have) lunch at school.

4. They _________ (watch) TV after dinner.

5. She _________ (not get up) at seven o´clock.

6. We _________ (go) to bed at nine o´clock.

7. What time _________ I (get) up?

8. What _________ she _________ after school?

9. He _________ (play) football.

10. Susan _________ (go) to the cinema.

11. My mother _________ (start) work at half past seven.

12. What _________ they _________ (do) in the evening?

13. How _________ you _________ (spell) that in English?

14. Brian _________ (get) up at eight o´clock.

15. Where _________ John and Martin _________ (go ?

16. Serena _________ (not know) what to do.

17. Wendy _________ (not like) to do shopping.

18. My grandfather _________ (not live) in London.

19. My sisters _________ (walk) to school every day.

20. My best friend _________ (like) math.

21. My brother and I _________ (have) breakfast half past seven.

22. My cousin _________ (study) biology.

23. We _________ (go) to the cinema at the weekend.

24. When _________ Mary _________ (start) school?

25. Gill _________ (not work) in a supermarket.

Las respuestas correctas

1. I play tennis after school

2. You start school at nine o´clock.

3. We have lunch at school.

4. They watch TV after dinner.

5. She doesn´t get up at seven o´clock.

6. We go to bed at nine o´clock.

7. What time do I get up?

8. What does she do after school?

9. He plays football.

10. Susan goes to the cinema.

11. My mother starts work at half past seven.

12. What do they do in the evening?

13. How do you spell that in English?

14. Brian gets up at eight o´clock.

15. Where do John and Martin go ?

16. Serena doesn´t know what to do.

17. Wendy doesn´t like to do shopping.

18. My grandfather doesn´t live in London.

19. My sisters walks to school every day.

20. My best friend likes math.

21. My brother and I have breakfast half past seven.

22. My cousin studies biology.

23. We go to the cinema at the weekend.

24. When does Mary start school?

25. Gill doesn´t work in a supermarket.

Presente simple

1. Ana _________ (not watch) TV.

2. Peter _________ (not study) French.

3. Javi _________ (watch) TV.

4. Antonio _________ (play) computer games.

5. Luis Miguel _________ (not read) magazines.

6. _________ María _________ (listen) to music?

7. _________ Beatriz _________ (tidy) her room?

8. My parents _________ (read) the newspaper.

9. When _________ your brother _________ (surf) the internet?

10. Who _________ you _________ (play) football with?

11. What _________ your sister _________ (do) on Saturday?

12. Blanca _________ (go) to a sleepover.

13. Isabel _________ (not phone) a friend.

14. I _________ (eat) a hamburger every weekend.

15. My Mum _________ (like) classical music.

16. I _________ (not eat) pizza.

17. I _________ (drink) water.

18. Gonzalo _________ (help) his friends with their homework.

19. Carlos _________ (make) people laugh.

20. Alan _________ (not like) talking to new people.

21. Chris _________ (do) the housework for her parents.

22. I _________ (want) to join Daniel´s fan club.

23. Isabel and I _________ (see) each other every week.

24. Linda _________ (wear) new clothes.

25. Derek and Sam _________ (wear) striped T-shirts.

Las respuestas correctas

1. Ana doesn´t watch TV.

2. Peter doesn´t study French.

3. Javi watches TV.

4. Antonio plays computer games.

5. Luis Miguel doesn´t read magazines.

6. Does María listen to music?

7.Does Beatriz tidy her room?

8. My parents read the newspaper.

9. When does your brother surf the internet?

10. Who do you play football with?

11. What does your sister do on Saturday?

12. Blanca goes to a sleepover.

13. Isabel doesn´t phone a friend.

14. I eat a hamburger every weekend.

15. My Mum likes classical music.

16. I don´t eat pizza.

17. I drink water.

18. Gonzalo helps his friends with their homework.

19. Carlos makes people laugh.

20. Alan doesn´t like talking to new people.

21. Chris does the housework for her parents.

22. I want to join Daniel´s fan club.

23. Isabel and I see each other every week.

24. Linda wears new clothes.

25. Derek and Sam wear striped T-shirts.

Presente Simple

1. Uncle Joe _________ (wear) glasses.

2. Ducks _________ (love) water.

3. The sun _________ (rise) in the east.

4. The children _________ (not go) to school by bus.

5. Juanma _________ (enjoy) singing.

6. Jesus _________ (not lend) me his bike.

7. Monkeys _________ (like) bananas.

8. Pepi _________ (not collect) stamps.

9. The earth _________ (go) around the sun.

10. It often _________ (snow) in winter.

11. We _________ (wash) our hands.

12. We _________ (eat) three meals a day.

13. _________ he _________ (type) very fast?

14. Lucía _________ (work) at the court.

15. Everyone _________ (make) mistakes.

16. Winter _________ (not come) after spring.

17. _________ you _________ (like) my new bike?

18. _________ she _________ (walk) to school?

19. Pedro _________ (speak) English very well.

20. My dog _________ (bark) very loudly.

21. _________ Sara _________ (read) in bed?

22. _________ babies _________ (sleep) during the day?

23. Eva _________ (try) not to disturb.

24. Eagles _________ (fly) high in the sky.

25. My sister _________ (cook) all our meals.

Las respuestas correctas

1. Uncle Joe wears glasses.

2. Ducks love water.

3. The sun rises in the east.

4. The children don´t go to school by bus.

5. Juanma enjoys singing.

6. Jesus doesn´t lend me his bike.

7. Monkeys like bananas.

8. Pepi doesn´t collect stamps.

9. The earth goes around the sun.

10. It often snows in winter.

11. We wash our hands.

12. We eat three meals a day.

13. Does he type very fast?

14. Lucía works at the court.

15. Everyone makes mistakes.

16. Winter doesn´t come after spring.

17. Do you like my new bike?

18. Does she walk to school?

19. Pedro speaks English very well.

20. My dog barks very loudly.

21. Does Sara read in bed?

22. Do babies sleep during the day?

23. Eva tries not to disturb.

24. Eagles fly high in the sky.

25. My sister cooks all our meals.
Fichas presente simple
Las respuestas correctas

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