Verbos irregulares

Infinitivo - past simple - past participle -traducción

be – was / were – been – ser, estar

beat – beat – beaten - ganar

become – became – become – convertirse en

begin – began – begun - empezar

bend – bent – bent - doblar

bite – bit – bitten - morder

break – broke – broken - romper

bring – brought – brought - traer

build – built – built - construir

burn – burnt – burnt - quemar

buy – bought – bought - comprar

catch – caught – caught - coger

choose – chose – chosen - elegir

come – came – come - venir

cost – cost – cost - costar

cut – cut – cut - cortar

do – did – done - hacer

draw – drew – drawn - dibujar

dream – dreamt – dreamt - soñar

drink – drank – drunk - beber

drive – drove – driven - conducir

eat – ate – eaten - comer

fall – fell – fallen - caer

feed – fed – fed – dar de comer

feel – felt – felt - sentir

fight – fought – fought - pelear

find – found – found - encontrar

fly – flew – flown - volar

forbid – forbade – forbidden - prohibir

forget – forgot – forgotten - olvidar

forgive – forgave – forgiven - perdonar

get – got – got – obtener, conseguir

give – gave – given - dar

go – went – gone - ir

grow – grew – grown - crecer

have – had – had - tener

hear – heard – heard - oír

hide – hid – hidden - esconder

hit – hit – hit - pegar

hold – held – held – tener (en la mano)

hurt – hurt – hurt - doler

keep – kept – kept - mantener

know – knew – known – conocer, saber

lead – led – led - dirigir

learn – learnt – learnt - aprender

leave – left – left – abandoner, dejar

lend – lend – lend – dejar prestado

let – let – let - permitir

lie – lay – lain - tumbarse

light – lit – lit - encender

lose – lost – lost - perder

make – made – made - hacer

mean – meant – meant - significar

meet – met – met - encontrarse

pay – paid – paid - pagar

put – put – put - poner

read – read – read - leer

ride – rode- ridden – ir, montar

ring – rang- rung – llamar, sonar

rise – rose- risen - subir

run – ran- run - correr

say – said- said - decir

see – saw – seen - ver

sell – sold – sold - vender

send – sent – sent - enviar

shake – shook – shaken - agitar

shine – shone – shone - brillar

shoot – shot – shot - disparar

show – showed – shown - mostrar

shut – shut – shut - cerrar

sing – sang – sung - cantar

sink – sank – sunk - hundir

sit – sat – sat - sentarse

sleep – slept – slept - dormir

smell – smelt – smelt - oler

speak – spoke – spoken - hablar

spend – spent – spent - gastar

spill – spilt – spilt - derramar

spread – spread – spread - extenderse

stand – stood – stood –estar de pie, tolerar

steal – stole – stolen - robar

stick – stuck – stuck - pegar

sting – stung – stung - picar

strike – struck – struck - golpear

swear – swore – sworn – jurar, decir palabrotas

sweep – swept – swept - barrer

swim – swam – swum - nadar

swing – swung – swung - balancear

take – took – taken – coger, tomar, llevar (tiempo)

teach – taught – taught - enseñar

tear – tore – torn - rasgar

tell – told – told - decir

think – thought – thought - pensar

throw – threw – thrown - lanzar

understand – understood - understood - entender

wake (up) – woke – woken – despertar(se)

wear – wore – worn – llevar puesto

win – won – won - ganar

write – wrote – written - escribir

Ejercicios

A. Complete the sentences with the simple past.

1) I ………………… in the middle of the night when I heard that noise. (awake)

2) Bill ………………… the lottery and became rich overnight. (win)

3) The doctor ………………… over to examine the patient. (bend)

4) My neighbour´s dog ………………… Ann the other day. (bite)

5) Ignacio ………………… the candles of his birthday cake. (blow)

6) She ………………… her daughter that she had bought candy for her. (tell)

7) Tibisay ………………… the most beautiful dress in the shop and bought. (choose)

8) My diamond ring ………………… € 5000,00. (cost)

9) Mario ………………… his finger with a knife when he was cooking. (cut)

10) I ………………… about you last night. (dream)

A. Las respuestas correctas.

1) I awoke in the middle of the night when I heard that noise. (awake)

2) Bill won the lottery and became rich overnight. (win)

3) The doctor bent over to examine the patient. (bend)

4) My neighbour´s dog bit Ann the other day. (bite)

5) Ignacio blew the candles of his birthday cake. (blow)

6) She told her daughter that she had bought candy for her. (tell)

7) Tibisay chose the most beautiful dress in the shop and bought. (choose)

8) My diamond ring cost € 5000,00. (cost)

9) Mario cut his finger with a knife when he was cooking. (cut)

10) I dreamt about you last night. (dream)

B. Complete the sentences with the simple past.

1) Marina ………………… too much yesterday. (drink)

2) I ………………… to the supermarket but couldn´t find any matches. (drive)

3) We ………………… a plane flying over the lake. (see)

4) A sparrow ………………… in trough the window. (fly)

5) The teacher ………………… the pupils to leave the classroom. (forbid)

6) Blanca ………………… her umbrella on the bus. (forget)

7) His boss ………………… Aiden for what he did. (forgive)

8) A climber ………………… to death on the mountain. (freeze)

9) Bea ………………… a tennis racket for her birthday. (get)

10) We ………………… to the movies last night. (go)

B. Las respuestas correctas

1) Marina drank too much yesterday. (drink)

2) I drove to the supermarket but couldn´t find any matches. (drive)

3) We saw a plane flying over the lake. (see)

4) A sparrow flew in trough the window. (fly)

5) The teacher forbade the pupils to leave the classroom. (forbid)

6) Blanca forgot her umbrella on the bus. (forget)

7) His boss forgave Aiden for what he did. (forgive)

8) A climber froze to death on the mountain. (freeze)

9) Bea got a tennis racket for her birthday. (get)

10) We went to the movies last night. (go)

C. Complete the sentences with the simple past.

1) Romelia ....................... a flag from the balcony to show her solidarity. (hang)

2) The old man ....................... the thief with is walking stick. (hit)

3) I ....................... a very good movie last night. (see)

4) Peter had an accident, so he ....................... legal advice. (seek)

5) My neighbours ....................... their house for € 500,000. (buy)

6) Roman ....................... the parcel by mail yesterday. (send)

7) The girl ....................... on a stool swinging her legs. (sit)

8) His father ....................... Daniel how to swim. (teach)

9) ....................... I ....................... you that Yuri is getting married. (tell)

10) I ....................... to study at 5.00 am. (begin)

C. Las respuestas correctas

1) Romelia hung a flag from the balcony to show her solidarity. (hang)

2) The old man hit the thief with is walking stick. (hit)

3) I saw a very good movie last night. (see)

4) Peter had an accident, so he sought legal advice. (seek)

5) My neighbours bought their house for € 500,000. (buy)

6) Roman sent the parcel by mail yesterday. (send)

7) The girl sat on a stool swinging her legs. (sit)

8) His father taught Daniel how to swim. (teach)

9) Have I told you that Yuri is getting married. (tell)

10) I began to study at 5.00 am. (begin)

D. Complete the sentences with the simple past.

1) He ....................... his wife to the concert. (take)

2) My grandparents ....................... when they were both 20. (meet)

3) She ....................... the bill. (pay)

4) She ....................... at home all evening. (be)

5) They ....................... me the truth. (tell)

6) My favourite team ....................... the championship. (win)

7) Clara ....................... seven bottles of beer. (drink)

8) The police ....................... the thief. (catch)

9) Yesterday she ....................... 10 kilometres. (run)

10) Last vacation I ....................... to America. (go)

D. Las respuestas correctas

1) He took his wife to the concert. (take)

2) My grandparents met when they were both 20. (meet)

3) She paid the bill. (pay)

4) She was at home all evening. (be)

5) They told me the truth. (tell)

6) My favourite team won the championship. (win)

7) Clara drank seven bottles of beer. (drink)

8) The police caught the thief. (catch)

9) Yesterday she can 10 kilometres. (run)

10) Last vacation I went to America. (go)

E. Complete with the present perfect or, active passive.

1) She …………………….. English for many years. (teach)

2) Be careful! You …………………….. my glasses. (bend)

3) My team …………………….. four times already. (beat)

4) Mauricio …………………….. 10 euros that he can beat me in a tennis match. (bet)

5) That company …………………….. always …………………….. new ways to expand its business. (seek)

6) Obesity …………………….. a problem in the United States. (become)

7) A strong culture …………………….. the Chinese people together for many years. (bind)

8) This novel …………………….. so well that it has been reprinted many times. (sell)

9) Monica …………………….. any emails yet. (send)

10) The sweeper …………………….. our street yet. (not sweep)

E. Las respuestas correctas

1) She has English for many years. (teach)

2) Be careful! You have bent my glasses. (bend)

3) My team has been beaten four times already. (beat)

4) Mauricio has bet 10 euros that he can beat me in a tennis match. (bet)

5) That company has always sought new ways to expand its business. (seek)

6) Obesity has become a problem in the United States. (become)

7) A strong culture has found the Chinese people together for many years. (bind)

8) This novel has sold so well that it has been reprinted many times. (sell)

9) Monica hasn´t sent any emails yet. (send)

10) The sweeper hasn´t swept our street yet. (not sweep)

F. Complete with the perfect tense.

1) That terrible windstorm ........................ all the stress down. (blow)

2) Some readers ........................ wrong conclusions about the article. (draw)

3) His doctor ........................ him to eat salt. (forbid)

4) Silvia burnt all the letters her boyfriend ........................ to her. (write)

5) How many people ........................ to the party yet? (come)

6) Max ........................ the highest price for the book at the action so far. (bid)

7) It ........................ a fortune to continue with that war. (cost)

8) Eli started to cry because her balloon ........................ . (burst)

9) What ........................ you ........................ with my books. (do)

10) Many questions ........................ recently over the origin of life. (arise)

F. Las respuestas correctas

1) That terrible windstorm has blown all the stress down. (blow)

2) Some readers have drawn wrong conclusions about the article. (draw)

3) His doctor has forbidden him to eat salt. (forbid)

4) Silvia burnt all the letters her boyfriend had written to her. (write)

5) How many people have come to the party yet? (come)

6) Max has bid the highest price for the book at the action so far. (bid)

7) It has cost a fortune to continue with that war. (cost)

8) Eli started to cry because her balloon had burst . (burst)

9) What have you done with my books. (do)

10) Many questions have arisen recently over the origin of life. (arise)

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